Rachel Brown Hackney, SarasotaNewsLeader.com
Florida’s Second District Court of Appeal announced on Jan. 8 that it would hear an appeal of a 12th Judicial Circuit Court judge’s Dec. 2, 2019 order denying an attempt to block the construction of the mixed-use Siesta Promenade project.
The Court of Appeal gave Sarasota County, Benderson Development Co. and Benderson affiliate, Siesta 41 Associates LLP 30 days to reply to the appeal filed on Jan. 2 by the attorney for Sura Kochman, a resident of Pine Shores Estates in Sarasota.
Benderson Development created the project, but the official developer is Siesta 41 Associates. The companies were allowed to intervene in the Circuit Court case.
As a homeowner in the community immediately adjacent to the Siesta Promenade site — which is in the northwest quadrant of the intersection of U.S. 41 and Stickney Point Road — Kochman had fought the intensity of the proposal prior to the County Commission’s Dec. 12, 2018 split vote to approve it.
Siesta Promenade would have 414 condominiums/apartments, a 130-room hotel standing 80 feet tall, 133,000 square feet of retail space and 7,000 square feet of office space.
In his Petition for Writ of Certiorari filed with the Court of Appeal, Ralf Brookes of Cape Coral, Kochman’s attorney, seeks the quashing of the Circuit Court order, saying Kochman “was denied procedural due process and the Lower Court did not apply the correct law.”
In regard to the latter situation, Brookes pointed out, Kochman’s appeal would have to “demonstrate that the Circuit Court Order violated a clearly established principle of law, resulting in a miscarriage of justice… Case law indicates that the Court of Appeal has a degree of flexibility and discretion in determining whether the Lower Court overlooked sources of established law or applied an incorrect analysis of the law it considered, resulting in fundamental error,” he wrote.
Brookes added that because of the location of her home, Kochman “will be adversely affected by increased height, increased density and increased intensity and use of Siesta Promenade’s approximately 24-acre site and corresponding increase in traffic.”
Along with the hotel, one residential building in the development would stand 65 feet tall, while another would be 50 feet high, both close to the single-family homes in Pine Shores Estates. County Commissioner Charles Hines questioned that design in opposing the CAP designation for the property.
Florida Department of Transportation (FDOT) staff also raised concerns over the years of planning for Siesta Promenade, given the expectation that the development would add more than 8,000 vehicle trips a day to the already congested area of U.S. 41 and Stickney Point Road. FDOT engineers cited the already high crash data for that intersection, as well.
Brookes further noted in his petition to the Court of Appeal that Kochman would be “affected by traffic going to and from the proposed large development” on Glencoe Avenue in Pine Shores Estates “and on other neighborhood streets and roads in the immediate vicinity,” including Stickney Point Road.
He cited a 1987 Florida Third District Court of Appeal decision and a 1999 Florida Second District Court of Appeal decision in making his arguments about her standing in the case.
Kochman filed her lawsuit against Sarasota County in January 2019.
In December 2019, Circuit Judge Andrea McHugh ruled that the County Commission had acted appropriately in approving petitions filed with the county to make Siesta Promenade feasible as designed.
However, McHugh also explained that she could not consider the primary argument that Kochman attorney Brookes had put forth in her complaint: that the County Commission had not followed county procedures and policies for approving a Critical Area Plan (CAP) designation for Siesta Promenade. The CAP status gave Benderson the right to build up to 25 dwelling units per acre, instead of the standard 13 dwelling units per acre for projects on property zoned Commercial General — which is the zoning Benderson sought for the entire site. Benderson’s director of development, Todd Mathes, told the county commissioners that the actual density would be slightly higher than 20 units per acre.
Kochman’s Circuit Court complaint was a Petition for Writ of Certiorari, McHugh pointed out. However, that could not be applied to the CAP argument, she wrote in her December 2019 order.
Yet, in the appeal, Brookes cited a 2005 opinion of the Second District Court of Appeal to dispute McHugh’s decision. Quoting from that 2005 judicial precedent, he wrote that the Sarasota County Commission did not “have the power to ignore, invalidate or declare unenforceable” county regulations regarding CAP adoption procedures, even though the Dec. 12, 2018 hearing during which the board approved the CAP was quasi-judicial. The latter term means the proceeding was similar to a court case in that the commissioners had to base their decisions on evidence and testimony.
Other facets of the appeal
Among other arguments in his petition, Brookes pointed out — as he did in the Circuit Court case — that the County Commission’s approval of the plans for Siesta Promenade was predicated upon FDOT’s approval of a new traffic signal at the intersection of Stickney
Point Road and Avenue B and C, which is located between the U.S. 41 intersection and a drawbridge on Stickney Point Road. That bridge, he stressed, stands on “one of only two entrances to Siesta Key.” Yet, he continued, between 10 a.m. and 2 p.m. on days during the height of tourist season, “This segment of Stickney Point Road is very frequently ‘stop and go’ with backups in both directions on U.S. 41 and on Midnight Pass Road North and South of Stickney Point Road.”
On another point, Brookes argued that Siesta 41 Associates did not
apply for Special Exceptions for the increased density and increased height associated with the design of Siesta Promenade, and it also did not seek a Special Exception as required under county regulations for the addition of standalone multifamily residential structures on property zoned Commercial General.